Use Of Collective Bargaining Agreement

Section 2. Basic concepts. The term “collective agreement” means a legal act regulating the employment, socio-economic and professional relations between the employer and the workers of an undertaking, institution or organisation (hereinafter referred to as “undertaking”). In 24 U.S. states,[13] employees working in a unionized company may be required to contribute to representation expenses (for example. B in disciplinary hearings) if their colleagues have negotiated a union security clause in their contract with management. Contributions are usually 1 to 2% of salary. However, union members and other employees covered by collective agreements receive on average a wage increase of 5 to 10% compared to their non-unionized (or non-covered) colleagues. [9] Some states, particularly in the southern central and southeastern regions of the United States, have banned union security clauses; This can be controversial, as it allows some net beneficiaries of the union contract not to pay their share of the costs of contract negotiations. Regardless of the state, the Supreme Court has ruled that the law prevents a person`s union dues from being used without consent to fund political ends that could be contrary to the individual`s personal policy. Instead, in states where union security clauses are allowed, these dissidents may choose to pay only the share of dues directly intended for workers` representation.

[14] A collective agreement is reached through negotiation. The Participation Act specifies that any trade union organization and any employers` or employers` organization has the right to negotiate in all matters concerning the relations between the employer and the worker. This may involve resolving unresolved issues between the parties through an agreement or replacing existing regulations with new ones. A right to negotiate for one party implies an obligation for the other party to participate in the negotiations. However, there is no legal obligation to agree (see the “Participation at work” section for more information). Clauses in collective agreements or agreements less favourable than legislation concerning the situation of workers are void. Section 9. Warranties and indemnifications during the negotiation period. During the negotiation period, participants as representatives of the Parties and experts invited to participate in the work of the Committees shall be suspended from their main activities and shall receive the applicable average remuneration for a maximum period of three months per year, and their participation in negotiations for the purpose of calculating the service time shall be taken into account. All costs incurred in participating in the negotiations shall be reimbursed in accordance with the labour law procedure, the collective agreement or the agreement. The right to conduct collective bargaining on behalf of workers is conferred on trade unions represented by their competent bodies or by other representative bodies approved by workers.

Collective agreements are widespread in the Swedish labour market and to a large extent govern the relationship between an employer and his employees. .